The heptathlon is the combination of seven athletics events. The word heptathlon comes from the Greek root hepta (seven) and athlon (competition). The events take place over two days, with four events on the first day and three on the second. The competitors accumulate points calculated from the performances obtained in each of the 7 events. Once all the events are over, the winner is the one with the most points.



The 7 heptathlon events are:


Day 1


100 m hurdles: This event consists of traversing at a maximum speed, a distance of 100 meters in a straight line crossing ten hedges of 84 cm. The number of fallen hedges does not intervene in the classification, they only slow the sprinces. The first hedge is placed 13 meters after the starting line, the other hedges being 8.5 meters apart. The world record is held by Kendra Harrison with a time of 12 "20 established in London in 2016. The world record in a heptathlon is held by Jessica Ennis-Hill with a time of 12" 54 established during the London Olympics In 2012. The two records were set on the ultra-fast Olympic track in London.




High Jump: This event consists of crossing a bar placed between two vertical supports. The world record is held by Stefka Kostadinova with a height of 2.09m in Rome in 1987. The world record in a heptathlon is owned by Nafissatou Thiam  with a height of 2.01 m established during the Gotzis meeting in 2018. 








Shot Put: This is an event that involves throwing a metal ball as far as possible. The world record is held by Natalya Lisovskaya with a distance of 22.63 m established in Moscow in 1987. The world record in a heptathlon is held by Austra Skujyte with a distance of 17.31 m established during the Olympic Games of London In 2012. Austra Skujyte, an ultra-versatile athlete also capable of jumping 1.92m in high jump, is the current holder of the world record of women's decathlon.






200 m: it is an event consisting of a half turn of a track of athletics of 400 m. The world record is held by Florence Griffith-Joyner with a time of 21 "34 in Seoul in 1988. The world record in a heptathlon is held by her sister-in-law Jackie Joyner-Kersee with a time of   22" 30 also in Seoul In 1988. Dafne Schippers, who holds the second mark in a heptathlon with a time of 22 "35 in Gotzis in 2014, specializing with a dazzling 200m success and becoming world champion only one year later with a time of 21"63, a current european record).






Day 2


Long jump: It is an event consisting of covering the longest possible distance by jumping, with momentum, from a fixed mark. The world record is held by Galina Chystiakova with a jump of 7.52m in Leningrad in 1988. The world record in a Heptathlon is held by Jackie Joyner-Kersee with a jump of 7.27m in Seoul in 1988 bringing her 1 264 points, the absolute record of points on an event. A few days after Jackie Joyner Kersee will also become Olympic champion with a jump of 7.40 m (current Olympic record). Her personal best is 7.49m!







Javelin: This is an event consisting of throwing a javelin craft made of metal, fiberglass or carbon fiber. The world record is held by Barbora Spotakova with a throw at 72.28m in Stuttgart in 2008. The world record in a heptathlon is also held by Barbora Spotakova with a 60.90m throw (new model) in Talence en 2012. Barbora Spotakova, disappointed in her throw, will not be able to surpass the symbolic mark of the 6,000 points she has set for herself.







800 m: This is a short track athletics event, the shortest in this category, corresponding to two laps on an open-air track. The world record is held by Jarmila Kratochvilova with a time of     1'53 "28 in Munich in 1983. The world record in a heptathlon is held by Nadine Debois with a time of 2'01" 84 in 1 987 in Talence.








The world record of heptathlon is held by the undisputed queen of the discipline in the person of Jackie Joyner-Kersee with a total of 7,291 pts made during the 1988 Olympics in Seoul. Jackie Joyner-Kersee also holds the 6 World's best performances of all time.